In this paper chiral bioactive poly(amide–imide)s (PAI)s were synthesized from four different diacids containing chiral amino acids with 4,4′-methylene bis(3-chloro 2,6-diethylaniline) as a diamine via direct polycondensation reaction in a system of tetra-n-butylammonium bromide and triphenyl phosphite as a condensing agent. The structures of these polymers were confirmed by FT-IR, 1H-NMR, specific rotation, elemental and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) techniques. TGA showed that the 10 % weight loss temperature in a nitrogen atmosphere was more than 378 °C, which indicates that the resulting PAIs have a good thermal stability. The biodegradability of the monomers and prepared polymers was investigated in culture media and soil burial test for assessment of the susceptibility of these compounds to microbial degradation. The results showed that the synthesized monomers and theirs derived polymers are biologically active and nontoxic to microbial growth.